Global Webinar Series: Decentralization and Local Development in Asia

Knowledge Sharing Week, September 13-17, 2021

Effective decentralization and localization form an important precondition for resilient, inclusive, sustainable, equitable and efficient development around the world.

The Local Public Sector Alliance is an alliance of advocates for more inclusive and effective decentralization and local development. One of the Alliance’s objectives is to bring together the global Community of Practice around Decentralization and Local Development in order to share knowledge and ideas in an evolving global context.

As part of its 2021/22 global webinar series on Decentralization and Local Development around the World, the Local Public Sector Alliance—in collaboration with the World Bank (Subnational Governance and Decentralization Global Solutions Group), UNDP, UNCDF, and a number of other global partners—hosted a series of knowledge sharing events on Decentralization and Local Development in Asia during the week of September 13-17, 2021.

While countries tend towards greater decentralization and localization in the long run, the pendulum does not always swing in the same direction. Since the SDGs were formulated in 2015, what has been going on in terms of decentralization and localization in countries in Asia? Has progress been made towards more inclusive and effective decentralization or localization in different countries; has the degree of decentralization been stagnant; or are countries backsliding? What political economy forces have been shaping the progress on decentralization and localization (or the lack thereof) in the region? And what can development practitioners, scholars and civil society organizations do to encourage evidence-based decentralization and localization reforms that promote more inclusive, effective and sustainable development in Asia?

Program sessions included:

  • Decentralization and Localization in South Asia: Trends, Political Economy Dynamics and Creating Opportunities for a More Inclusive and Efficient Public Sector (Monday, September 13, 2021)
  • Decentralization and Localization in East Asia and the Pacific: Trends, Political Economy Dynamics and Creating Opportunities for a More Inclusive and Efficient Public Sector (Tuesday, September 14, 2021)
  • Decentralization and Localization in Asia: Experiences from Nepal (Wednesday, September 15, 2021)
  • Decentralization and Localization in Asia: Implications for Public Financial Management (Thursday, September 16, 2021)

Session details for all sessions–including links to videos of key presentation–follow below.


Decentralization and Localization in South Asia: Trends, Political Economy Dynamics and Creating Opportunities for a More Inclusive and Efficient Public Sector

Monday, September 13, 2021: 10 am BKK / Sunday, September 12, 2021: 11 pm EDT

TopicContributor
Introduction to Webinar SessionHoon Sahib Soh, World Bank
Context: Decentralization and Local Development around the WorldSerdar Yilmaz, World Bank
Jamie Boex, Local Public Sector Alliance
Making (De)centralization Work in South AsiaHans Timmer, World Bank
Decentralization and democracy in South Asia [Watch on YouTube]Sten Widmalm, Uppsala University
Perspectives on co-creating more inclusive and effective decentralization and localization [Watch on YouTube]Bala Menon, World Bank
Discussion / Q & AModerator, audience, and panelists

Decentralization and Localization in East Asia and the Pacific: Trends, Political Economy Dynamics and Creating Opportunities for a More Inclusive and Efficient Public Sector

Tuesday, September 14, 2021: 10 am BKK / Monday, September 13, 2021: 11 pm EDT

TopicContributor
IntroductionSerdar Yilmaz, World Bank
Deepening Decentralization within Centrally Led States: The Direction of Local Governance Reforms in Southeast Asia / Blog and Paper/[Watch on YouTube]Zubair K. Bhatti
Lachlan McDonald
Country perspectives: The Philippines and Indonesia [Watch on YouTube]
Joseph J. Capuno, University of the Philippines
Darius Tirtosuharto, Central Bank of Indonesia
Perspectives on co-creating more inclusive and effective decentralization and localization:
Nicola Nixon (The Asia Foundation) [Watch on YouTube]
Paul Martin (UNCDF) [Watch on YouTube]
Nicola Nixon, The Asia Foundation
Paul Martin, UNCDF
Discussion / Q & AModerator, audience, and panelists

Decentralization and Localization in Asia: Experiences from Nepal

Since the adoption of its constitution in 2015, Nepal has been pursuing a federal structure, with elected provincial and local governments now responsible for the delivery of key public services. This presentation and discussion considers the progress, opportunities and challenges faced in the implementation of the new federal system in Nepal.
 
Wednesday, September 15, 2021: 10 am BKK, 8:45 am KTM / Tuesday, September 14, 2021: 11 pm EDT

TopicContributor
IntroductionCharles Cadwell, Urban Institute
Progress, opportunities and challenges in implementing federalism in Nepal [Watch on YouTube]Meghan Nalbo, The Asia Foundation
Bishnu Adhikari, The Asia Foundation
Perspectives on co-creating more inclusive and effective decentralization and localizationEgbert Pos, FCDO
Discussion / Q & AModerator, audience, and panelists

Decentralization and Localization in Asia: Implications for Public Financial Management

Thursday, September 16, 2021: 10 am BKK / Wednesday, September 15, 2021: 11 pm EDT

TopicContributor
Introduction to Webinar SessionJamie Boex, Local Public Sector Alliance
Decentralization and localization: Implications for Public Financial Management – Bangladesh [Watch on YouTube]Md. Reaz Uddin Chowdhury, World Bank
Decentralization and localization: Implications for Public Financial Management – Nepal [Watch on YouTube]Timila Shrestha, World Bank
Decentralization and localization: Implications for Public Financial Management [Watch on YouTube]Julia Dhimitri, PEFA Secretariat
Perspectives on the nexus between decentralization, service delivery and PFM:
Felipe Bardella (IMF) [YouTube]
Paul Smoke (NYU) [YouTube]
Tim Williamson (World Bank) [YouTube]
Felipe Bardella, IMF
Paul Smoke, NYU
Tim Williamson, World Bank
Discussion / Q & AModerator, audience, and panelists

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