In countries around the world, subnational governments and other local public sector entities are responsible for delivering the public services that people rely on day-to-day: schools for their children, public health services, access to clean water and sanitation, creating job opportunities through local economic development, and so on. Although these public services align with global development objectives and national priorities, the delivery of these public services is fundamentally local in nature.

The Local Governance Institutions Comparative Assessment (LoGICA) Framework provides an assessment tool to analyze the multilevel governance structure of a country, along with the subnational institutions and intergovernmental systems that contribute to inclusive governance, effective public service delivery and sustainable localized development.

The LoGICA Framework aims to inform country level policy debates and reforms on decentralization and localization, by better understanding the exact nature of a country’s multilevel governance arrangements, and by placing each country’s experience in a comparative global or regional context. The assessment framework seeks to answer basic questions, such as: how many regional and local governments (or subnational administrative entities) does a country have? What are their functional powers and responsibilities? Do these subnational governments have their own elected leadership? Do subnational entities have control over the officials and staff that provide local public services? And how are people able to hold subnational public officials to account for their performance?

With these questions in mind, the LoGICA Framework considers five specific institutional dimensions of multilevel governance, including (i) the multilevel, territorial-administrative organization of the public sector and assignment of functional responsibilities; (ii) the political aspects of the subnational public sector; (iii) the administrative aspects of the subnational public sector; (iv) the fiscal aspects of the subnational public sector; and (v) mechanisms promoting inclusive and responsive localized services and development. A more effective public sector is achieved when each of these five institutional dimensions of a multilevel public sector are effective, well-structured, and fit together well.

The LoGICA Framework comprises three distinct but inter-related components, including the LoGICA Intergovernmental Context, the LoGICA Country Profile, the LoGICA Score Card, and associated reports (the LoGICA Country Brief and the LoGICA Assessment Report). A detailed overview if the LoGICA Framework is provided here. The framework further provides guidance on the process of conducting the LoGICA Assessment itself in an inclusive and collaborative manner.

A LoGICA institutional assessment can be conducted as a stand-alone exercise, or can be conducted as the foundation for a detailed Intergovernmental Fiscal and Expenditure Review (InFER).

The updated version of the Local Governance Institutions Comparative Assessment Framework was prepared by the Local Public Sector Alliance in September 2022 as a contribution to the collective efforts of many stakeholders to promote inclusive government and sustainable development around the world. It provides a common framework for describing, understanding and evaluating the multilevel aspects of the public sector, and thereby elevating the debate on decentralization and localization.


LoGICA Framework Handbook (PDF, September 2022)

LoGICA Framework Template (Excel, September 2022)

Note: The updated version of the framework builds extensively on the Local Public Sector Country Profile Handbook (December 2012) and an earlier version of the LoGICA Framework (April 2015), prepared by the Urban Institute’s Local Public Sector Initiative.