A book by Charles R. Hankla, Jorge Martinez-Vazquez and Raúl A. Ponce Rodríguez
Scholars and practitioners have long hailed fiscal federalism as a critical tool for improving government services, but it has not always lived up to its promise when applied in specific countries. This book offers both an explanation for such mixed effects and a roadmap for better outcomes in the future. It argues that the benefits of fiscal federalism are contingent on a particular confluence of political institutions, namely democratic decentralization and political party integration.
With this in mind, the authors emphasize the importance of striking a “fine balance” between the accountability benefits delivered by empowered local governments and the national coordination necessary for good policy outcomes. Such a balance can be achieved, they contend, when integrated party structures compensate for the potential downsides of a decentralized state.
The book formalizes this argument for a variety of electoral democracies and, using new data on subnational political institutions, tests it with models of education, health, and infrastructure service delivery in 135 countries across 30 years. It also presents comparative case studies of Senegal and Nigeria.
Academic economists and political scientists will value the book for its contribution to the literature on fiscal federalism and political decentralization, and development practitioners will benefit from its practical solutions to the problems of local governance.
- Introduction: Decentralization and Parties
- Building the Theory: Majoritarian Electoral Systems and Party Integration
- Building the Theory: Majoritarian Electoral Systems and Non-Integrated Parties
- Building the Theory: Proportional Representation and Closed Party Lists
- Building the Theory: Proportional Representation and Open Party Lists
- Decentralization and Integrated Parties: Summarizing the Models
- Empirically Testing the Role of Political Institutions
- Two Comparative Case Studies: Political Parties and Local Governance in Nigeria and Senegal
- Conclusion: A Fine Balance
Learn more about the book from Edward Elgar Publishing.